Yazd is located in the center of Iran and is the seventh largest city in Iran. The city located on the wide plain called “Yazd Ardakan” plain. This is where the world’s first deposit box was built in 1700 years ago in this city. The peak of the rise of Yazd has been since the 14th century AD. The city is located in the Central Plateau of Iran.
The city of Yazd due to its valuable historical architecture and its intact fabric, Was registered on the UNESCO World Heritage List, since 2017.
The word of Yazd means “Espand” (wild rue or Peganum harmala) and pure, and this is the holy land and God’s city. At the time of the Sassanid, under the command of “Yazdgerd I”, a city was built, named “Yazdan Gerd” and “Yazdgerd” presented the city to his daughter.
Also, the word of Yazd is an ancient name originated in Yasht, Yazt, and Yasn, with concepts such as praise, prayer, worship, god, etc., and one of the five Avesta chapters is Yasht.
In some sources, some of the cities of this province, such as Meybod, have been attributed to Suleiman the Prophet (Yazd) to Zahhak, Alexander the Macedonians and (Abarkooh) to Abraham the Prophet. This reflects the ancient and historical background of the land and people of this land. The collection of antiquities in this province also contributes to this historical background.
People of the city speak the Persian language, and they speak Yazdi accent. The Zoroastrians also have their own language.
Most Yazd people are Muslims and Shia. Also, a large group of Zoroastrians in Iran reside in Yazd. A minority of Jews also reside in the city. Around the city of Yazd, as well as inside it, there are various shrines for the Zoroastrians, in which every month or season there are special ceremonies of the followers of this religion. Among them, one can mention the celebration of “Sadeh”, which is one of the most famous ceremonies of the Zoroastrians and is held annually on the tenth day of Bahman, along with other parts of Iran, in Yazd. The first bank of Yazd province and the south-east of the country was built by a Jewish businessman during the Qajar era and is now located in the “Labeh Khandagh” (Khan Square) neighborhood. Jews of Yazd, almost all of them emigrated to Israel after the Islamic Revolution. There is also a small Armenian minority in Yazd.