Tehran’s most populous city and capital of Iran. The city is the 24th most populous city in the world and Asia’s most populous city in the west. Tehran Metropolis is also the second largest populated metropolis in the Middle East. Tehran is divided into two districts, plains and Alborz Mountains and its current range extend from 900 to 1800 meters above sea level. Tehran has a semi-arid climate.
Tehran, the largest Persian city of the world, the majority of Tehran’s people make up Persian, and most of the people of this city are officially Muslim and Shiite. Other religious communities in Tehran include Baha’is, Zoroastrians, Christians, and Jews. The history of life in Tehran dates back to the Neolithic period, and the archaeological excavations in Tehran led to the discovery of human skeletons of 7,000 years old and handmade stone tools.
During the Safavid period, the importance of Tehran was greatly increased, but the beginning of the flourishing and progress of this city returns to it’s capital’s time. Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar, the founder of the Qajar Dynasty, who after several attempts to capture Tehran, finally succeeded, in Nowruz in 1786 AD, and he made Tehran his capital. Becoming Tehran from a typical city to a modern capital began from the Pahlavi era.
Tehran is the economic center of Iran and is considered the first industrial zone in the country, also the city is considered one of the most important tourist centers in Iran and has a number of tourist attractions that include palaces and museums.
In 2009, Tehran hosted 646 thousand and in 2012, 1.11, foreign tourists. The steady increase in the arrival of foreign tourists to the city made the tourists reach 1.51 million in 2015. By attracting 16.1 million tourists in 2016, Tehran has been one of the most important cities in the Middle East for tourism.
Major tourist attractions in Tehran are: Golestan Palace (UNESCO World Heritage Centre), The Grand Bazaar, National Museum of Iran, Milad Tower (Borj-e Milad), National Museum of Iran, Carpet Museum of Iran, Museum of Ancient Iran, Treasury of National Jewels, Tabiat Bridge and, Sa’dabad Complex.