Sadeh celebration is one of the Iranian celebrations on the eve of the tenth of the month of Bahman (January 30). The celebration begins with the firewood, that people collected from the morning on the roof of houses or on the mountain. Sadeh was always organized in a massive manner, with the gathering of all the townspeople and villagers together.
People contribute to the gathering of firewoods and set up a big fire. Thus celebrating the Sadeh is a celebration of the cooperation and union of the people. Zoroastrian in Iran and also in Europe, the USA, and Australia, gathering together, alongside the fire. They make a very big fire and they celebrate, pray and sing. It is worth mentioning that the largest and the most magnificent Sadeh celebration held in Kerman every year.
The meaning of the Sadeh
Some scientists took the name of the Sadeh from a hundred (sad means hundred). They believe, that human beings discovered the fire. And as a result, nights became bright and warm. therefore they counted days and nights. When the days and nights count separately, between Sadeh and the end of the year, will be a hundred.
Some say that the reason is that on this day, the children of the first humankind became to one hundred, and they chose one king among themselves. In different stories the name of the first man is different. The most famous name is Adam. And in other named, Kiumars, and also Mashi & Mashianeh (the first couple). Some also believe that the Sadeh in the Avestan language means rising and dawning, and there is no relation to the number 100.
According to some historians, the celebration of Sadeh is one of the three great Iranian celebrations that lasted during the Islamic era. This feast reminds the importance of light, fire, and energy. The celebration of Sadeh has no religious aspect, and are considered as the most ancient and national celebrations. And this celebration is not only Iranians and Aryans, but also It is a heritage that has come to many of the neighboring countries of Iran.