The Persian art garden, Persian Carpet
Persian carpet or Iranian carpet is very famous in the world and used since ancient times. َAbove all there is a document written by Gazanophon, a Greek historian, (345, 430 BC). He wrote: “The Iranians laid their carpets under their beds to make it softer.”
And also a Chinese yearbook in the Sassanid era spook about Iran’s wool carpet, that imported to China. The earliest world’s carpet with the Achaemenid theme founded in Mongolia and called Pazirik carpet. Unfortunately, there is little information about the history of Persian carpet. Because the carpet, unlike other objects, has a shorter life.
Iranian carpet designs
The National Carpet Company of Iran has divided Iran’s carpet designs into 19 main groups. Some of the most famous of them are:
- Islamic artworks and designs: This group includes all the designs taken from the designs and decorative forms of buildings and mosques.
- Shah Abbas designs: The basis of all Shah Abbasi designs is based on the famous flower of Shah Abbasi.
- The Slimi (Arabesque) designs: The main form of these designs is based on the regular circulation of motifs. Therefore Slimi designs have different types and forms that are classified.
- Adaptation plans: Most of these designs are similar to the carpet designs of the border regions of Iran and neighboring countries. But the Iranians have made changes using their intelligence.
- Afshan (Scattered) design: In this plan, all designs in the carpet are scattered, and none of the flowers and leaves are symmetrical.
- Hunting ground design: The main foundation of these designs is a display of hunting scenes. In other words, it shows some horse rider are hunting deer or other animals.
- Fish design: A noble and beautiful design that recalls the shape of the fish.
Actually, the main cities of weaving Persian carpet are Tabriz, Qom, Kashan, and Kerman. However many other cities have their own carpet and designs.
Jolja Travel have a special Persian carpet tour