Naein is located in Isfahan province. The city is located in the Dasht-e Kavir region and has a dry climate. Nain’s age is more than 3000 years old. It was said that the name of Naein was taken from a marshy herb called “Ney” (straw in English), or the Jews who had been They were moved from Jerusalem to the east built this city in memory of their homeland. They believe the word Na’in may have been derived from the name of one of the descendants of the prophet Noah. Another aspect, which seems somewhat weak, is that Naein means beauty, and was a Hebrew word, and one of the Palestinian cities was the same.
The Nain is a desert city and is situated on flat ground. The height of the city from the sea level is 1580 meters, and none of the mountains are closer than 18 kilometers.
The old urban fabric of Naein has been designed with the influence of factors such as natural environment, weather, city needs, the need to protect the city against alien invasions and generally have a closed and introspective architecture.
The public space of architecture and historical monuments have been deployed in a dense mix together and interconnected. The design of the city was in such a way that the living space without any operational problems was encountered along with urban elements such as Jamea Mosque, Darul-Hakomeh (Provincial Government), Market, and the school and the bathroom. Naein Jamea Mosque is the oldest, (the first or second) mosque in Iran.
“Abaa Bafi” (Weaving cloaks) is a popular and common handicraft in Naein. Abaa weavers produce their products, from the sheep and camel wools, and in yellow, black, red and brown colors. Cloaks workshops are known among the native people as “Sardab”. Some of these “Sardab”s are the location of seasonal and permanent handicraft exhibitions. In these exhibitions, there are various types of handmade carpets in small sizes and different colors and roles. In addition, in these places, you can closely observe the masterpieces of cloaks weaver masters and rug weavers that will be welcomed by the guests. In the past, the people threw the “Abaa” on their shoulders, and they warmed themselves in the cold season by pulling the “cloak” on their head and wrapping it around themselves.