Handicrafts represent the industry and art of the ancestors and showcase the taste and art of the people of each country. In the days when the devices were not created, and even in a time when it was not widely present, it was a handicraft that supported all the talents and creations of human construction. That’s why today, looking at the handicrafts of every nation and tribe, one can find out that people has been at which the stage of industrialization.
The handicrafts of Isfahan have been introduced over the centuries as the representative of the Iranian folk art in the world. Therefore, if we call Isfahan a kind of handicrafts in Iran, not exaggerated. Because the intellectual and psychological characteristics of Isfahan craftsman, such as taste, art, perseverance, and contentment, have led to the purchase of Isfahan handmade products in the whole world by many buyers. This province has been a cradle of fine arts and Subtle industries since ancient times.
Khatam Kari (Inlaid objects):
The history of this art dates back to the Safavid era, at that time, palaces, tables and chairs, and the Holy Qur’an were made by Khatam Kari. The art of setting the surface of objects by small triangles in various designs is called Khatam Kari. These triangles are made of ivory, bone, brass wire, wood, and sometimes gold. Decorative Khatam Kari objects, like beautiful boxes, picture frames, chess, backgammon, etc. are the beautiful works of this art that are attracted to the markets of Isfahan.
Mina Kari (Metal Enameling / Enamel-ware):
Mina Kari is the art of decorating metals with matte or transparent colored materials with the help of fire. This art involves complex chemical interactions and is considered a laboratory art, and in fact, includes objects that have been decorated with the combination of metal oxide with some salts. Mina Kari can also be made on pottery and glass.
Ghalamzani (Engraving, Teurotics or Metal Engraving):
Ghalamzani is one of the most flourishing handicrafts in Isfahan. Ghalamzani is an art that may have originated from the very beginning of human life. The Ghalamzani is the same as the art of engraving on the stone (carvings) that was transferred to precious metals at various stages throughout history. Ghalamzani is carving and creating the role and design, by pen and hammer blow, on metal objects. Gold, copper, brass, silver and their alloys are metals that are commonly used for Ghalamzani. Plenty of things like dishes, pots, frames, and so on … have been crowned with this art, and with their stunning beauty attracting everyone.
Qalamkari (Persian Calico):
The traditional art of Qalamkari means the imaging of designs and patterns on linen and tarpaulins. Earlier this was done with a brush, but because of the time and cost, the artists preferred to engrave the seals, making it easier for them to do. These fabrics are made in the form of tablecloths, dresses, bedspreads and so on.
Firoozeh Koobi (Turquoise inlaying):
Firoozeh Koobi is an art that is not old enough. And it was done in Mashhad, but later, it was brought to Isfahan about 70 years ago. Today, Firoozeh Koobi products of Isfahan have a lot of reputation. In this art, dishes made of copper, silver, rice, bronze. In this art, turquoise made from turquoise workshops in cities such as Mashhad and Neyshabur, are tiled in small sizes, mosaic on objects. This fine art is used in making mirror frames, candlesticks, vases, utensils and jewelry.