Vakil mosque Shiraz

Iranian Architecture

All archaeological explorations indicate the history of Iranian architecture dates back to the 7th millennium BC. Since then, this art developed and evolved in relation to various issues.

The architecture of Iran has features that are special value in comparison with the other countries. Features such as proper design, accurate calculations, proper cover layout, observance of technical and scientific issues in the building. Great porches, long columns, and finally various decorations.

Each of them is as simple as representing the magnificence of Iranian architecture.

In Iranian architecture, having features such as the fit and the beauty of the walls, Domes, and porches. The most deserving aspect of the study is the mathematical and mystical logic.

Before the Persepolis was constructed, hundreds of buildings constructed with wooden and stones columns, all over the civilized world of that day. But we find in the Persepolis that the columns are as far apart as possible. Specifically, in some ancient temples outside Iran (eg Egypt), the distance between the two columns is slightly smaller than their diameter.

The advantages of Iranian architecture are that they are never used in homogeneous geometric locations. And the terms and names of arches, roofs, and domes in the Persian language, which are mostly considered oval and egg.

 

Most Famous Iranian Architecture

The Achaemenids from the sixth century to the fourth century BC. The symbol used in the magnificent cities was for management and habitation (such as Persepolis, Susa, Ekbatan). Temples built for worship and social gatherings (like the Zoroastrian temples). And tombstones used to honor extinct kings (like the tomb of Cyrus the Great).

And the most important post-Islamic architecture is Esfahani style. From the first half of the 16th century to the middle of the Qajar period.

There are beautiful works such as the Chehel Sotoun (forty columns), the Aly Qapu, the Agha bozorg Mosque in Kashan, the Shah Mosque, Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque.

 

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