Iran overview

Where is Iran

Iran (ایران‎), also called Persia is a country in the west of Asia.

Iran is the second largest country in the middle east, after Saudi Arabia. And also is the 6th in Asia and 17th biggest in the world. Iran neighbors are Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, in the northwest. Turkmenistan, in northeast, Afghanistan, and Pakistan, in the east. And Turkey and Iraq in the west.

The Caspian Sea is the largest lake in the world and is in the north of Iran. And Persian golf and Oman golf are in the south of Iran. Tehran is the capital city of Iran and is the largest and most populated city in the country. Also, Isfahan, Shiraz, Tabriz, Kerman, Yazd, Kashan, Kermanshah, and Mashhad are other famous and historical cities in Iran. The official language is Persian (Farsi). Furthermore, a large number of people speak other languages/accents. Like: Azeri, Kurdish, Luri, Arabic, Baluchi, Gilaki, Mazandarani and…

Iran, known as Persia until the mid-20th century. Ancient Iran was a larger region. It consists of the area from Anatolia, and Egypt in the west to India and China in the east. And from the Caucasus and the Eurasian Steppe in the north to the southern parts of the Persian Gulf. And also Yemen in the south. Iran is one of the world’s oldest civilizations, with historical and urban life dating back to 7000 BC.


Aryans and name of Iran

Herodotus, the father of history, writes: “In ancient times, the Greeks called Iranians “Kaffe”. But they were famous as Aryans among themselves and their neighbors”. He writes in another part of his book that the Medians knew as Aryans”. Therefore the race of the Iranians has been mentioned as Aryan, in two of the oldest written human documents. Actually, Aryans were not original residents of Iran. and they migrated to Iran from the north of Europe and Eurasian Steppe. The name of Iran was taken from Aryans and means the land of Aryans. The First Persian Empire was the only civilization in all of history.

Geography of Iran

The exception of the coasts of the Caspian Sea and Khuzestan, Iranian Plateau is one of the world’s most mountainous countries. It includes the Zagros Mountains in the west, from northwest to southwest. And Alborz Mountains in the north, from northwest to northeast. Mount Damavand, Iran’s highest point with 5,610 m (18,406 ft) high, located in meddling of Alborz. Damavand is a sleeping volcano, and also is the highest volcano in Asia. The northern part of Iran that located in the north of Alborz mountain and the southern shores of the Caspian Sea. This area is covered by the lush shores and Caspian Hyrcanian forests.

The central and eastern part of Iran consists of deserts. The Kavir Desert is the largest of Iran’s desert. The Lut Desert is another desert in Iran. Also, there are some salt lakes in this area. Iran is a vast country and has different types of climate: mild and quite wet on the coast of the Caspian Sea, arid in the plateau. Cold in high mountains and hot and wet on the southern coasts near Persian golf. Generally, Iran is an arid country. although, in the west and the north the rains are more than in the east and south. Summer is sunny in everywhere. Finally, Iran is famous for its four-season weather. It is considered as one of a few countries in the world where visitors may experience all four seasons in the country all along the year.


Wildlife animals

The wildlife animals of Iran is composed of several animal species. Bear, Eurasian lynx, fox, gazelle, gray wolf, jackal, panther, hog, Asian black bear, Persian fallow deer, Siberian crane, turtle, green turtle, cobra, viper, dugong, dolphins, and many others. Also, other domestic animals of Iran included Asian water buffalo, camel, cattle, donkey, goat, horse, and sheep. Eagle, Falcon, partridge, pheasant, stork and too many other animals are native to the wildlife of Iran.

Iranian cheetah is One of the most famous members of Iranian wildlife. The world’s largest leopard is the Persian leopard, living in the north of Iran. And also listed as an endangered species. Iran lost all its lions and Caspian tigers by the earlier part of the 20th century.

Iran Religions


Shi’a is the official state religion. And between 4% to 8% of the population are Sunni Muslims, mainly Kurds and Balochs. The rest 2% non-Muslim religious are living in Iran, including  Zoroastrians, Christians, Jews, Bahais, Yezidis, and Yarsanis.

Art and Knowledge

Iranian art is one of the richest arts in the world, and contain many traditional kinds of arts. It is including architecture, painting, literature, music, weaving (carpet, rug, brocade,… ). And also pottery, calligraphy, metalworking, and sculpture.

Nowadays there are some Iranian modern art scenes, such as cinema and photography that is known in the world. According to The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy, starts with the Indo-Iranians. Dating this event back to 1500 BC. The Oxford dictionary also states, “Zarathushtra’s philosophy influenced western tradition.” Certainly, it is very hard to introduce Iran completely and show you all the attractions of Iran shortly and in an article. Chista Media tries to show a little different view of Iran, and in association with Jolja travel invite you to come and see some different localities of Iran.

Welcome to Iran. Travel through this amazing country to visit new cities, colorful bazaars, and ancient Persian ruins. Islamic architecture and shining deserts, magnificent mosques, ancient caravansaries. And old cities of the ancient Persian Empire with architectural masterpieces and unique natural wonders. The hospitality of the Iranian people is endearing and profound the beauty of their land.